North Carolina History - Tar Heel State
North Carolina has its name coined from in honor of King Charles I of
England, from his Latin name "Carolus." Its capital is Raleigh and
currently governed by Mike Easley. North Carolina is positioned as the
eleventh state in terms of population (approximately 8 million people)
and the 28th in land area (52,669 square miles). The state is also known
as "Tar Heel State" and was rooted from the fact that tar, pitch and
turpentine were the primary exports during the colonial period.
North Carolina has been living up with the motto, "Esse quam videri" (To
be rather than to seem) and has the following as State Symbols: dogwod
(flower), pine (tree), cardinal (bird), gray squirrel (mammal), honeybee
(insect), eastern box turtle (reptile), emerald (gemstone), scotch
bonnet (shell), milk (beverage), granite (rock), plott hound (dog), red
and blue (colors) and scuppernong grape (fruit). It's official song,
“The Old North State” is composed by Judge William Gaston in 1927.
North Carolina was initially a part of the bigger British colony called
"Carolina" until in 1775 when it became the first colony to depart away
from the colony and declare independence. In 1775, it became the twelfth
state of the Union. Jumping forward, the state has steadily embraced
modernity; one monumental event is when the Wright Brothers put a spot
in history, making man's first successful flight in Kitty Hawk., North
Carolina in 1903.
A number of interesting facts on North Carolina lies on its antique
history, example of which is the incorporation of Bath, the state's
oldest town, in 1705 and the establishment of the first state university
in the country, The University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, which
started admitting students in 1795.
It also houses the first school of forestry in the country, and it
was established by Dr. Carl A. Schneck in 1898 at Transylvania County.
The North Carolina School of the Arts is also the first state-supported
institution to offer and emphasize performing arts in their curriculum.
It is also the home of Belmont Abbey, the first abbey cathedral in North
America and was built in 1910, and Cape Hatteras lighthouse, built in
1870, the tallest brick lighthouse in the United States at 208 feet
North Carolina is now hailed as the largest producer of furniture,
brick and textile in the nation. Other important industries include
metalworking, chemicals, paper, agricultural products (tobacco, corn,
peanuts and other vegetables), mica and lithium. The state is currently
one of tourists' havens, with countless recreation and activities to
choose from including skiing, golfing, hinting and fishing. The state
also has a number of attractions and exhibits to visit, which are
actually are remnants of its very interesting past, including the Blue
Ridge National Parkway, Cape Lookout National Seashores, the Wright
Brothers National Memorial and Moores Creek National Military Parks and
a lot more.